Grain Contracts and Policies

Safety Data Sheet for Whole Grain

  Contracts

Basis Contract
  • Deliver grain while maintaining some pricing flexibility.
  • Capture a historically narrow basis level.
  • Or, move grain while awaiting an expected CBOT rally.
  • Delivery date, quantity, and basis* established by the contract.
*Basis price level expressed in cents per bushel above or below the CBOT futures for a specified futures month. A final price is set by fixing the CBOT level during CBOT trading hours.

Basis contracts must be priced before the CBOT delivery month. A basis contract may be rolled ahead to offer more pricing flexibility. In that case, basis will be amended by the spread between the two futures months, and a small service charge will be assessed.

Plus factors:
  • Risk of basis downside eliminated.
  • Opportunity to take advantage of future CBOT rallies.
  • May avoid weak harvest basis or low flat price.
  • 70% advance on contract value possible after delivery.
  • Buyer assumes quality liability.
  • Eliminate storage or price later charges.
     
Potential drawbacks:
  • Future basis improvements cannot be realized.
  • You remain subject to risks of CBOT fluctuations.
  • Requires knowledge of local historical basis.
  • 5,000 bushel increment in the contract.
  • If the market drops sharply, it may be subject to a margin call if you take and advance.
Cash Sale Contract
  • Grain is sold for delivery now or at a later date.
  • Use when cash price meets your objective.
  • Both futures and basis may be favorable or one may be significantly stronger to compensate for weakness in the other.
Plus factors:
  • Easy.
  • Payment is immediate.
  • Risk of price decrease eliminated.
  • No storage costs.
Potential drawbacks:
  • Futures and basis both locked in.
  • Delivery is required.
  • Future market rallies inaccessible.
Deferred Payment Contract
  • Customer can take income in preferred tax year.
  • Agreement sets the date and amount of payment.
  • Title passes to the buyer at delivery.
Plus factors:
  • Receive payment according to cash flow needs or tax advantage.
  • No storage charges or fees.
Potential drawbacks:
  • Contract defines payment date.
  • Money held by buyer.
Forward Contract
  • Locks in a cash price for some future time.
  • Use to lock in favorable new crop price before planting or harvest.
  • Also useful to lock in a “carry.”
*Market may pay more for grain delivered later. If the forward price is greater than the current price plus storage and interest, locking in the higher price could benefit the producer.

Plus factors:
  • Easy
  • Stops price decrease risk.
  • Can lock in the carry.
Potential drawbacks:
  • No money before delivery.
  • Both futures and basis locked in.
  • Lose ability to capitalize on market rally.
  • Delivery is required.
  • Possible penalty for cancellation.
Offer Contract
  • Sell specific bushels at predetermined price.
  • Set delivery period.
  • Can be used for grain in the elevator or grain to be delivered.
  • May be in effect for a day or for months at a time.
Plus factors:
  • Eliminates need to constantly watch markets.
  • Captures short-lived daily rallies.
  • Solidifies your marketing goal.
  • Can apply to any price or any quantity.
  • Use to price cash, stored, or new-crop grain.
  • Cancel at time prior to offer being filled.
Potential drawbacks:
  • Additional gains will not accrue when market rallies beyond the offered price.
  • When offers are set at even dollar amounts, opportunities can be missed. (Market may rise to just short of offer, then fall again.)
Price Later Contract
  • Also known as Delayed Pricing or No Price Established Contract.
  • Service charges fluctuate with market.
  • Title passes to buyer on delivery.
Plus factors:
  • Avoid low harvest prices.
  • Reduced need for on-farm storage.
  • Maintaining quality becomes buyer’s responsibility.
  • Grain can be moved at seller’s convenience.
Potential drawbacks:
  • Possible price risk due to basis and CBOT fluctuations.
  • Grain must be priced before payment.
  • Grain may not be used as collateral for CCC loans or LDPs.
Storage Contract
  • Deliver grain and maintain ownership.
  • Elevator monitors grain quality.
  • With a warehouse receipt, this grain qualifies for CCC loan or as other loan collateral.
Plus factors:
  • Keep title to grain.
  • Quality risk passes to elevator.
  • Avoid historically low harvest prices.
  • Can transfer grain after storage and loadout charges are paid.
Potential drawbacks:
  • Cost of storage may exceed market spreads.
  • To acquire warehouse receipt, storage charges and discounts must be paid.
On Farm Pick up
Using our own truck fleet and calling on the resources of other grain trucking companies, CFS can respond to your transportation needs rapidly. On-farm pickup can save you hauling costs, reduce labor, and speed up delivery.

Charges depend on your location and time spent loading grain. It may also vary according to the destination of that grain. Contact the CFS location nearest you or your GPPS advisor for rates and to schedule a pick up.

On Farm Pick up Prices